(source: General Fusion http://generalfusion.com/what-are-the-benefits-of-fusion-energy/)
Power generation globally continues to be dominated by the non-renewable combination of coal, gas, and oil (~68% according the IEA 2014); particularly in developing countries with vast populations. It comes as no surprise then that this is an area where the planet must make drastic change if it is to curb fossil fuel emissions output. Presently, fossil fuels remain fundamentally limited and polluting while renewable sources come with several limitations in addition to being inconsistent. As the global scientific community searches to make such change they must look no further than the efficient, renewable, safe, and cost-effective possibility of nuclear fusion technology.
For those who may not be quite familiar with nuclear fusion energy production, the technology involves superheating the nuclei of two heavy forms (isotopes) of hydrogen – namely deuterium (D) and tritium (T) to >100 million degrees Celsius, thereby speeding the atoms up which causes them to collide and fuse. Upon colliding they produce helium and a neutron which contain a substantial amount of energy. Energy created from the helium and neutron can be used to create electricity. The infographic below summarizes the science nicely:
In the coming decades, the name General Fusion may become synonymous with energy production in the same vein that Apple has become with the smartphone. The Canadian based company has set its lofty sights on being the world’s first ‘commercially viable nuclear-fusion-energy power plant’ (World Economic Forum 2017). With the prospect of nuclear fusion energy becoming a strong reality in the near future, the ability to produce vast amounts of energy without using radioactive components and instead using light and stable reactants and products should be one more governments and companies are considering. General Fusion is receiving considerable investment capital while simultaneously making significant promising research progress but that is not to discount the fact that nuclear fusion still has a way to go.
Below is a quick look at the work the’re doing: